russia S-300P (SA-10 Grumble/SA-20 Gargoyle)

Source: Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: Russian Ministry of Defense

Originated From:Russia
Basing:Land, Mobile
In Service:1982 - Present

The S-300P, also known by its NATO classification as the SA-10 Grumble, is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) that is designed to detect, track, and destroy incoming cruise missiles and low-flying aircraft. It was developed by Russia and has been modified several times. Variations of the S-300P are known as the S-300PS with an export variant code-named the S-300PMU (U.S. designation: SA-10C), and the S-300PM with export variants codenamed the S-300PMU-1 (U.S. designation: SA-10D) and the S-300PMU-2 Favorit (U.S. designation: SA-20). In Russia, the domestic name for these systems is S-300PS. These upgraded versions are capable of destroying ballistic missiles in addition to other types of airborne threats.

Source: Ria-Novosti

The development of the S-300 began in the late 1960’s. 1 From the beginning, the system included the most “cutting-edge” Soviet missile defense technology. Its phased-array fire control radar was capable of tracking up to six targets simultaneously, while its single-state, solid-fuel propelled missile sported aerodynamic control surfaces and thrust vectoring. The first S-300 missile, known as 5V55K, had a range of 47 kilometers and could engage its targets between 100 and 30,000 meters.2

The S-300 is still used today in several variations. Russia is consistently improving the S-300 and gradually replacing the old S-300‘s variants. The S-300PS is considered to be comparable to the U.S. MIM104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile system, and even better in terms of mobility and low altitude footprint. The S-300PM and its export variant S-300PMU1 were said to be equivalents of the U.S. PAC-1 and PAC-2 systems.3

Russia has exported different variants of the S-300P system to at least 14 countries including Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Slovakia, Ukraine, and Vietnam. 4 As of March 2012, Russia is no longer producing the S-300PS systems, but is still producing the S-300V.5

  1. “The Russian S-300PMU-1 TMD System.” CNS. N.p., July 1998. <>.Accessed on February 20, 2013.
  2. Michal Fiszer and Jerzy Gruszczynski, “Castles In The Sky,” Journal of Electronic Defense 25, 1 February 2002.
  3. Carlo Kopp, “Almaz S-300P/PT/PS/PMU/PMU1/PMU2 / Almaz-Antey S-400 Triumf / SA-10/20/21 Grumble / Gargoyle. Technical Report APA-TR-2006-1201,” Air Power Australia, April 2012, Accessed March 25, 2013.
  4. O’Halloran, James. “S-300P.” Jane’s Land-Based Air Defence. February 16, 2012. (accessed January 15, 2013).
  5. “Russia Signs New S-300 Missile Deal with Almaz-Antei.” Voice of Russia. N.p., 12 Mar. 2012. <>. Accessed on February 20, 2013.
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