russia S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler)

Source: Ria-Novosti

Source: Ria-Novosti

Originated From:Russia
Possessed By:Russia
Range:250 km (400 km - expected)
Basing:Land, Mobile
In Service:2007

The S-400 Triumf (NATO designation: SA-21 Growler) is a medium/long-range mobile surface-to-air missile system. It is a modernized version of the S-300PM which it is supposed to eventually replace. Russia began its development in the early 1990s and has deployed four regiments so far (two around Moscow, one in the Southern Military District, and one in the Eastern Military District). Russia expects to field 28 regiments of the S-400 within its territory before 2020.1

The S-400 was developed by the Almaz-Antey corporation. It uses multiple missile variants to shoot down stealth aircraft, UAVs, cruise missiles and sub-strategic ballistic missiles. Its operational range for aerodynamic targets is about 250 km and for ballistic targets 60 km. The S-400 can engage up to 36 targets simultaneously.2 Its ABM capability is said to be comparable or superior to that of the U.S. Patriot.3

The S-400 uses the 48N6 and 9M96 missiles to intercept ballistic missiles. The 48N6DM was reported to be specifically designed for S-400.4 In July 2012, a new missile designated 40N6 with a range of up to 400 km passed state trials. Russia’s Air and Missile Defense Command Chief-of-Staff Major General Andrei Demin said, the missile will be delivered “soon”.5 Originally, the 40N6 was slotted to complete testing in 2010.6

Source: Ria-Novosti

Source: Ria-Novosti

Two new missiles are under development for the S-400: the 77N6-N and the 77N6-N1. They were reported to be capable of direct engagement with targets flying at hypersonic speeds (seven kilometers per second). However, it is not clear when the 77N6- N and the 77N6-N1 enter service given that facilities for their production have yet to be built. The agreed timeframe for the delivery was reported to be early 2014. According to Izvestia, the new plants in Kirov and Nizhniy Novgorod will cost 41.6 and 39.5 billion rubles respectively.7

The S-400 uses a space feed X-band engagement radar and acquisition radars, such as the heavily revised 91N6E battle management radar derived from the 5N64/64N6E/E2 Big Bird series.8

Igor Ashurbeili, former Almaz-Antey Central Design Bureau General Director, called the S-400 “a truly high-technology product with major export potential.”9 In spite of the high interest in S- 400 from abroad, Russia has not started exporting it yet. First, Rosoboronexport said, domestic demand needs to be satisfied.10

Russia has already started the development of S-400’s follow-on. Code-named S-500, the system is expected to enter service in 2013/2014.

  1. “Russia Deploys Fourth S-400 Regiment on Combat Duty,” Progressive Media, August 20, 2012, sec. Technology; World Air Forces, accessible in LexisNexis.
  2. “S-400.” Jane’s Land-Based Air Defence, December 21, 2012, sec. Self-Propelled Surface-To-Air Missiles, Russian Federation.
  3. Carlo Kopp, “Almaz S-00P/PT/PS/PMU/PMU1/PMU2 / Almaz-Antey S-400 Triumf / SA-10/20/21 Grumble / Gargoyle. Technical Report APA-TR-2006-1201,” Air Power Australia, April 2012, Accessed March 20, 2013.
  4. “S-400.” Jane’s Land-Based Air Defence, December 21, 2012, sec. Self-Propelled Surface-To-Air Missiles, Russian Federation.
  5. “Russia to Receive New S-400 Long Range Missile,” Progressive Media, July 2, 2012, sec. Technology; Air Force Intelligence, accessible in LexisNexis. “Military Magazine Looks at Ukraine’s Anti-aircraft Missile Weapons,” BBC Monitoring Kiev Unit, July 10, 2012, supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring; accessible in LexisNexis.
  6. “S-400.” Jane’s Land-Based Air Defence, December 21, 2012, sec. Self-Propelled Surface-To-Air Missiles, Russian Federation.
  7. Aleksey Mikhaylov, “Plants To Manufacture Hypersonic Missiles To Cost R81 Billion. Defense Ministry Will Construct Two Major Plants To Supply Projectiles for Surface-to-Air Missile Complexes – One in Kirov and One in Nizhniy Novgorod,” Izvestia, November 28, 2012, supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring; accessible in LexisNexis.
  8. Carlo Kopp and Bill Sweetman, “Russian Revival,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, March 2012.
  9. Viktor Baranets, “The Army: Will Our Space Shield Begin to Crack?,” Komsomolskaya Pravda, December 28, 2011, supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring; accessible in LexisNexis.
  10. “Russia’s Rosoboronexport Denies Plans to Export S- 400 Missiles,” Prime-Tass English-language Business Newswire, July 9, 2012, sec. Russian Government; Engineering, accessible in LexisNexis.
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Last updated: April 25, 2013 at 3:58 pm

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