india Agni-2

Agni 2 (Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems)
Originated From:India
Possessed By:India
Alternate Name:Agni-II
Basing:Road/rail-mobile
Length:20.0 m
Diameter:1.30 m
Launch Weight:16,000 kg
Payload:Single warhead, 1,000 kg
Warhead:Nuclear 150 kt or 200kt, HE, chemical, submunitions
Propulsion:Two-stage solid propellant
Range:2,000-3,500 km
In Service:2001

The Agni-2 is an intermediate-range, rail/road-mobile, solid propellant ballistic missile. Development on the missile began in July 1997 after the original Agni (technical demonstrator) missile program was canceled in 1996. The Agni-2 borrows heavily from the original program, though it uses a two-stage solid propellant motor instead of the two-stage solid/liquid propellant motor employed by its predecessor. The range of the missile would allow India to attack all of Pakistan and parts of China; some suggest that the reinitiating of the Agni missile project was instigated by Chinese and Pakistani missile advances. 1

Agni-2 displayed on mobile launcher.
Jane’s Strategic Weapon Systems

In its present configuration, the missile is 20 m in length with a diameter of 1.3 m in the first and second stages. The payload carries a warhead weighing up to 1,000 kg. The Agni-2 can be fitted with 150 or 200 kT yield nuclear warheads, in addition to chemical, high-explosive, and submunitions versions. Fully loaded, the missile has a maximum range of 2000 km, though if carrying a reduced payload, it can achieve a range of 3,500 km. 2 The range of the Agni-2 is significantly greater than needed to strike targets within all of Pakistan, but its range falls short of primary targets within China. 3

The Agni-2’s main strength is its relatively high accuracy, especially at close range, due to its combination of an INS/GPS guidance module and dual-frequency radar correlation. The third stage uses four moving control fins in order to maneuver independently during the terminal phase, though newer models may use side thrust motors instead. It has been reported to have an accuracy of 40 m CEP. 4

The Agni-2 underwent its first flight test in April 1999 from Wheeler’s Island in the Bay of Bengal. The test was conducted from a rail-car TEL. In 2001, the Agni-2 was tested from a road TEL. A third test, from a rail-car TEL, was made in August 2004. 5  By the end of 2001, less than five Agni-2 missiles were operational, but their production rate from 2001-present is expected to be around 10 missiles per year. The missiles are operated by the 335 Missile Group at Secunderabad using 12 TEL vehicles. 6

On August 9, 2012, Indian conducted a test launch of the Agni II as part of their annual Strategic Forces Command exercise. According to the Indian Ministry of Defense, the launch was a success and landed within a “few meters” of its intended target in the Bay of Bengal. 7

Last Updated 9/21/2012

  1. Lennox, Duncan. “Agni 1/2/3/4/5.” Jane’s Strategic Weapon Systems (Offensive Weapons). August 13, 2011. (accessed September 12, 2012).
  2. Ibid.
  3. “Agni II,” from Bharat Rakshak: The Consortium of Indian Military Websites, available at http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/MISSILES/ballistic/agni-ii.html, accessed on 16 July 2010.
  4. Lennox, Jane’s.
  5. “Technical tune to Agni test before talks,” The Telegraph, 30 August 2004, available at http://www.telegraphindia.com/1040830/asp/nation/story_3694401.asp, accessed on 16 July 2010.
  6. Lennox, Jane’s.
  7. Richardson, Doug. “Agni-II Launched During Indian Exercise.” Jane’s Missiles & Rockets 2012, August 20, 2012.(accessed September 12, 2012).
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